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We Must Do It Now, INEC Boss Tasks National Assembly on the Urgent Need For Electoral Reforms

Prof. Mahmood Yakubu, Chairman, Independent National Electoral
Commission (INEC), has urged the National Assembly to use a bipartisan
approach in amending the Electoral Act to help improve conduct of
elections in the country.

Yakubu made the call at the inauguration of the Joint Technical
Committee on the Electoral Act Amendment Bill on Friday in Abuja.

The event was organised by the National Assembly Joint Committee on INEC
and Electoral Matters with support from Policy and Legal Advocacy Centre
(PLAC) and UK Foreign and Commonwealth Development Office (FCDO).

He was represented by Mr Festus Okoye, INEC National Commissioner and
Chairman, Information and Voter Education Committee.

Yakubu said that the amendment was timely, saying that more
fundamentally, the reforms must be impactful, approached from a
bipartisan angle, devoid of divisive issues and concluded at least by
the first quarter of 2021.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), reports that President of the Senate,
Ahmad Lawan had in 2020, pledged the commitment of the National Assembly
to the passage of the Electoral Act amendment bill by the end of first
quarter of 2021.

The INEC chairman welcomed the renewed efforts and commitment by the
leadership of the National Assembly towards amending the electoral legal
framework for the conduct of elections.

Yakubu said that the renewed drive by the legislature was timely and
must be sustained and approached with a sense of history and urgency.

He said that the efforts must be diffused with clearly defined
timelines, priority, interventions and strategic thinking.

Yakubu said that the commission was fully committed to the amendment
process and would continue to offer suggestions and recommendations that
would help improve the regime of elections in the country.

He further said that amending the electoral legal framework would not
automatically lead to improvement in the management and conduct of
elections.

“The Constitution and the Electoral Act are not self-executory, and both
operate through the actions and inactions of the critical stakeholders
in the electoral process,” he said.

A member of the Technical Committee, Mr Sadiq Mua’azu said that one of
the advantages of the electoral reforms was to bring all amendments
together in one document.

Mua’azu said that the major target of the amendment was to ensure that
all political parties were gender sensitive as well as eliminate all
forms of discrimination in all political parties.

“The bill mandates all political parties to ensure that women leaders
are women or persons of the feminine gender and that all youth leaders
are between the ages of 18 to 45 at the date of elections into such
offices.

“The bill also seeks to increase maximum election expenses to be
incurred by Presidential or Governorship Candidates, Senatorial or House
of Representatives Candidates.

“The amount was increased for the Presidential election from N1billion
to N5 billion and from N200 million to N1 billion for the governorship
and for the Senate and House of Representatives it was increased to N100
million and N70 million respectively,” he said.

Sen. Kabiru Gaya, Chairman, Senate Committee on INEC, said that the bill
when passed and assented would tremendously change the political sphere
of the nation.

“The amending of the Electoral Act would indeed positively affect the
electoral process and procedures which has posed challenges and raised
controversies that have put the mantra of free, fair and credible
elections to question,” he said.

He said that the Technical Committee was inaugurated in order to achieve
the set timeline for passing the bill by the end of the first quarter of
2021.

Attorney General of the Federation and Minister of Justice Abubakar
Malami, pledged to work with the technical committee to ensure
unhindered presidential assent to the bill.

Malami was represented by Special Assistant to the President on Justice
Reform and International Relations, Mrs Juliet Ibekaku-Nwagwu.

“I will continue to work more closely with the National Assembly to
ensure that the bill is eventually passed as scheduled.

“I recall that immediately after the 2015 elections, the President
approved the inauguration of the constitutional and electoral reform
committees in 2016, we have been working with the National Assembly and
we came up with four bills that have been approved by the Federal
Executive Council and forwarded to the National Assembly,” he said.

In a goodwill message, Head, Governance and Stability, FCDO, Mr Sam
Waldock said that the UK was a proud supporter of Nigeria’s democratic
process.

“In the last five years, the UK has invested more than 50 million pounds
in Nigeria’s democratic process and it’s the largest democracy in Africa
and it is the leading member of Commonwealth.

“We commend the National Assembly for its work to reform this
legislation which will go a long way even after the next election.

“Setting up a technical sub-committee to expedite the work on this bill
is a very important contribution to Nigeria’s electoral legal
framework,” he said.

Also, Executive Director, PLAC, Mr Clement Nwankwo expressed optimism
that the bill would be passed within the shortest possible time.

“Following the experience of the last failed attempt to sign the
Electoral Act in 2018, it is quite clear that this commitment is
unanimous on all sides to ensure that we do have a new Electoral Act in
place.

” With the support from the UK Foreign Commonwealth and Development
Office, we are able to collaborate with the National Assembly to deliver
on the commitment that has been made by the assembly,” Nwankwo
said.(NAN)

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